ART, MEMORY AND NARRATIVE

The line of research Art, Memory and Narrative aims to study the historical relations between arts, narrative forms and culture, particularly in regard to symbolic interconnections between, on the one hand, the historicity of languages, and on the other, the main moral, social and political vectors present in a given context. Therefore, we took as a starting point a comprehensive notion of “art,” which involves the most diverse media and fictional languages, such as the visual arts, photography, comics, design, cinema, literature, music, theater, architecture and urbanism, assuming that, in language, there not only a sense of delight or entertainment, but above all confrontation in relation to the codified rules of culture. In these terms, we understand that every language work lies at the intersection between individual memory and collective memory, being in close relationship with its time and with the conditions of its production and circulation. We consider the production process of art and narrative as a way of meaning and interpretation of the world, capable at the same time, of interfering in the beliefs and perceptions established on the historical-social reality. Similarly, we believe that this historical integration of the arts and narratives involves the consideration and analysis of the intrinsic properties of each considered language, which results in accepting that the very forms of fictional expression have a latent historicity, as relevant as the issues addressed or their possible social circulations. Thus, line Art, Memory and Narrative covers postgraduate research that address the interaction between cultural history and history of languages, with an emphasis on following topics: art and politics; media, memory and heritage; image and science; Art and resistance; deviant narratives (crime, madness, marginality); theory of history and historiography.

Research Line Culture and Power

The mutations occurred in Human and Social Sciences in recent decades have contributed to new questions and approaches in theoretical, methodological and epistemological terms. Opening space for properly reflective thinking, the research line Culture and Power values interpretive plurality, complementarity of opposites, actor’s rehabilitation, the action and the event, privileging, among other things, trends in Political History and Cultural History. Geared toward a historical and historiographical approach, the research line has as premise the idea that Culture is an asset acquired and which has a direct result in the preparation of those who exercised distinct political and social activities. In this sense, the concept of Power is associated with the effective exercise, either through consensus or by means of force of the authorities individually or collectively, institutionally grounded or legitimatized. For such, those retaining power may resort to various tricks, such as advertising, to reach different social and cultural levels. Thus, we see the establishment of political, social, economic and cultural relations that shall unveil the maintenance of conservative principles or, on the other hand, reveal transformations, challenges and readjustments in the set of historical societies. In the search for scrutiny of the historical research that congregate a pleiad of objects that establish the identities and otherness, such as languages, speeches, images, religions, myths, political institutions, research line Culture and Power relies on research-teachers from Late Antiquity, from the Middle Ages and from Modern and Contemporary Ages. All those active in national research groups registered at CNPq, such as the Núcleo de Estudos Mediterrânicos (NEMED) (Center for Mediterranean Studies); História Intelectual (Intellectual History), História dos Intelectuais (History of Intellectuals) and Historiografia (Historiography); Poder e Sociedade na Península Ibérica tardo-antiga e medieval (Power & Society in the Late & Medieval Iberian Peninsula) and finally Cultura e Poder (Culture and Power), in addition to integrating other research groups abroad.

Research Line Space & Sociability

Research Line Space & Sociability is dedicated to investigate  topics and problems articulated from three central pillars. The first refers to human or social settings, which are examined both on a small scale – the parish, the corporation, the parent network – and in wide and far-reaching scale, such as the colonial empire or the modern nation State. Such human or social configurations are not seen as static and unchanging structures endowed with fixed positions. Rather, they change and become procedurally into dynamic forms of sociability between individuals and groups, originating from pacts, alliances, population displacements or conflict situations, such as conquests, wars and forced cohabitation. Equipped with relative autonomy, they conform to systems that at the same time signal to the entanglement among spatially distant societies. The Atlantic world, the colonial empires and the spatial dynamics of specific areas such as the South Atlantic, represent systems that articulate various intertwined social configurations. The second pillar of interest relates to an accrual basis predominantly marked by chronological buoys derived from the Old Regime, going through the illustrated transition up to liberalism. This broad accrual basis allows understanding structures historically characterized by design connected to corporate society, plural or composite, human connections of the oligarchic type, as well as for the emergence of new relations and family, ethnic, social, political, work and sovereign identities and relations. The various facets of the government of men and things, representations of nature, society and spaces, modes of operation of social bodies, relations resulting from slavery and various forms of compulsory labor, as well as the movements and population dynamics and parental networks are themes of interests enrolled in the frameworks of this broad temporality. The third pillar of investigation relates to space. Conquered, village, depopulated or repopulated, accounted for, mapped, managed, architected or urbanized, represented allegorically or discursively, space is seen as a stage and product of sociability and social or human configurations. Nothing takes place without being through it and without reference to it. Regardless of its scale, its borders, its topography, space engenders social relations while it is engendered by them. Specifically, this is perceived in its effective dimension in the various territories and historically constructed geopolitical formations. It is also apprehended at the capillary level of everyday sociability, i.e. within the home, the street, the farm, the parish, village or town.

Research Line Intersubjectivity and Plurality: Reflectionand Feelings in History

Research Line Intersubjectivity and Plurality: reflection and feelings in History assenbles  researchers who analyze societies in time, their ruptures and continuities, considering both the emergence of the subject as principle and value as to the reason and feelings while dimensions of subjectivity that do not obey binary oppositions, nor are they mutually exclusive between themselves, because attitudes, practices, languages and speeches derive from them, whose effectiveness is manifested in public and/or private spaces. In this Research Line, innovations of the New Political History and of the New Cultural History are incorporated, trends that, building themselves by post-structural debate, have problematized practices and dimensions of power and essential and natural identities, seeking manifestations other than only those consecrated by the institutions. Therefore, studies are developed on the historical and historiographic pathways that underlie the theoretical construct of feelings, identities, intersubjective relations, the sensitivities, relations of power and social and cultural plurality, in their different discursive modalities, temporal delimitations and thematic interfaces. Finally, the research line aims at a History committed with democratization of Power, consolidation of a plural society and with new understanding of subjects and their links, understanding experience as a constant recreation of the past and of the present.