In the last few decades post-colonial approaches have influenced the study of the ancient world. Among them, two are particularly relevant: the need to diversify the sources to study the ancient world and the urge to rethink the concepts used to study the past. So, several scholars have emphasized the limits of ancient literary sources preserved by the textual tradition and stressed the relevance of material culture as an independent evidence, enabling independent narratives about the ancient world. Then, there is a growing concern with uses of modern concepts to interpret antiquity, during the last three centuries shaping our ideas about the ancient world. Considering those epistemological issues, two main topics are studied: material culture and gender relations, and national identities and the reinterpretation of classical literature. In both cases, there is an understanding that modern perceptions shape how the past has been interpreted, biased by class, race, gender and other modern social standings. The focus on modern uses of the past includes identity issues and aims at exploring how modern historical and archaeological discourses relate to modern contexts and how they shaped a variety of readings of the ancient world. This means that the scholarly perception of the ancient world is intrinsically linked to present situations and the exploration of interpretive conflicts in the present contributes to new and complex ways of understanding the ancient world.

Brazilian National Science Foundation Research Group
Leaders: Glaydson José da Silva (Unifesp) and Renata Senna Garraffoni (UFPR).